Carol Peden is a professor of anesthesiology and executive director of the new Center for Health System Innovation (CHSI) at USC in Los Angeles. She is also a visiting professor at the University of Bath, UK, Centre for Healthcare Innovation and Improvement (CHII). Prior to moving to USC, Carol was an associate medical director for clinical quality for the National Health Service (NHS) England and a consultant in anesthesia and intensive care at the Royal United Hospitals, Bath, United Kingdom. Carol developed her expertise in quality improvement as a fellow at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). Peden has led quality improvement projects internationally, as perioperative lead for the Danish Hospital Patient Safety program from 2010-2012 and intensive care unit (ICU) lead for the South West (England) Quality and Patient Safety Improvement Programme (QPSIP) 2009-2014, among others. Carol continues to work with IHI; most recently she taught their Accelerated Patient Safety course for the Australia and New Zealand faculty of emergency medicine. Carol has a number of major research grants and projects on quality and safety. She has also served in governance roles in the UK and internationally. Recent research projects in the UK include cofounding the emergency laparotomy network and designing and delivering the quality improvement program for the 90-hospital Enhanced Perioperative Care for High-Risk patients (EPOCH) study to improve outcomes in high-risk surgical patients. She is an author of multiple papers, national standards and two books, including the Audit and Quality Improvement guide for the Royal College of Anaesthetists, UK. Peden has been awarded the Davy Medal and the RCoA Macintosh Professorship by the Royal College of Anaesthetists, UK, and is the 2016 Ellis Gillespie professor and visitor of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthestists. Her research interests include clinical quality improvement; improving perioperative outcomes, particularly in the elderly patient; using data for improvement; designing safer clinical systems; and communication in health care. Peden has a medical degree and research doctorate in medicine from the University of Edinburgh, UK. She is a fellow of the Royal College of Anaesthetists, the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine and the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management, UK. She has an MPH in clinical effectiveness from Harvard University.